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Cold Work Phase

Hot Work Phase
Khalid Assakr
His Technique
Artist's Main Page
Creating glass art from scratch
Figurative Murrine are very difficult glass work even when the best of material, set ups, and cold work instruments are available.
Very few Artists, contemporary or in the history of glass managed mastering this technique.
Besides that, what distinguishes Khalid's Work is that he did it all on his own using improvised set ups and instruments.
In his remote city of north eastern Egypt, he had access to little teaching, help and accessibility to instrumentation
He studied it all on his own, in books and through his
frequent visits to the Cairo Museum where superb examples of Murrine Work from the Pharaoh eras are displayed
Khalid started started experimenting by using Arabic and English letters and words
By trial and error he progressed first to experimenting with his own drawings, then culminating in his current figurative work
It is based on photos of contemporary or historic personalities

First, Khalid studies the photo over few days, and predicts the difficulties ahead
Curves are the most challenging parts of a portrait to translate in Murrine
The Cold Phase then will take 20 to 30 painstaking days
This is followed by the lampworked Hot Phase of the creation of a murrine
This results in the rod / Punti from which the Murrine are cut then polished, another tedious phase,
particularly if the proper instruments are not available
Cold phase of Murrine work  
Below is Khalid doing the cold work phase on his piece QUEEN VICTORIA
 Click below on the left and right images to enlarge the cold work phase of 2 of Khalid's Murrine:
Marilyn Monroe
                                                                                                                                                           King Tutankhamen

In the Cold Phase glass filaments of various colors are set against the portrait
They are then bundled together to prepare for the Hot Phase
Hot Phase of the Murrine Work

This is the more difficult and challenging part of the Murrine work.
This phase can be in the furnace or by using a torch (Lampwork)
Khalid chose Lampwork because he has more control on the hot glass than when it is molten in the oven
For large pieces he uses 2 torches

To the left is the final Monroe Murrine    Middle image, Khalid during the Hot Phase of the Work   To the right is the Punti of King Tut
 Click on the images below to enlarge them and to get
more information on the pieces to the Right and Left
Comparing those images to the ones above give a clear idea of the difference between the  two main phases of Murrine Work